Login

Blog Archive

Blog Archive


The Report, Part 3

May 2016

In over 30 pages of oxytocin physiology, the Buckley report gives details of the powers of this wondrous hormone. I want to highlight two things which I continue to find awe-inspiring.

Buckley states, "Oxytocin mechanisms may help to protect the fetal brain from labor hypoxia, according to animal studies. This mechanism involves the transfer of maternal oxytocin through the placenta and into the fetal brain, and may be inactive before the physiologic onset of labor. High-dose synthetic oxytocin and oxytocin-antagonist drugs (used in women to treat threatened premature labor) inactivate this neuoprotection in animal studies. Deficits in this neuroprotection are associated with animal models of autism," (2015, p 39). As oxytocin crosses the blood-brain barrier into the fetal brain, brain activity is reduced through activity of the neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutric acid (GABA). This begins 24 hours just prior to the physiologic onset of labor, creating a protection for the infant again birth hypoxia. With the administration of high levels of synthetic oxytocin, these neuroprotective effects are reduced.

 baby hand

Secondly, "skin-to-skin contact immediately after birth...promotes oxytocin release, which reduces stress and fosters 'calm and connection.' Postpartum skin-to-skin contact also: stabilizes newborn physiology, promotes maternal-newborn sensory interactions, keeps the newborn warm through maternal oxytocin-related vasodialation, and maternal confidence. Through the early weeks, skin-to-skin contact may benefit maternal psychological well-being by the release of oxytocin and other hormones. From the perspective of hormonal physiology, maternal-infant separation that disallows skin-to-skin contact is a major intervention that requires a strong indication," (Buckley, 2015, p 48). Newborns go through a well-documented sequence of behaviors, including crawling to the breast, hand use, and self-attachment. "Even brief separation for weighing can disrupt newborn sequencing and reduce the chance of successful suckling," (p 48). The report describes visualizing, vocalizing, and olfaction during skin-to-skin, all of which increase initiation and duration of breastfeeding, as well as bonding and attachment. A Cochrane study cited in the report found these long-term benefits of early skin-to-skin care: (1) less maternal anxiety, and more confidence with their infants at hospital discharge; (2) higher breastfeeding rates in the early months; (3) longer total duration of breastfeeding; and (4) no negative effects. One study found, "lower cortisol levels and depression scores over the first month for women experiencing six extra hours of skin-to-skin contact with their newborn in the first week, compared with women in the control group," (p 49).

There is so much valuable information contained in the Buckley report that I cannot possible do it justice. Once again, I encourage you to download this FREE report and take time to go through it.

 

Kathy Parkes, MSN-Ed, BSPsy, RN, IBCLC, RLC, FILCA
Professional Development Educator, Step2Education International

 

Remember me Login Logging in...
Submit Sending... Sent! Clear
Submit Sending... Sent! Clear

This Privacy Policy describes how your personal information is collected, used, and shared when you visit or make a purchase from https://step2education.com (the "Site").

PERSONAL INFORMATION WE COLLECT

When you visit the Site, we automatically collect certain information about your device, including information about your web browser, IP address, time zone, and some of the cookies that are installed on your device. Additionally, as you browse the Site, we collect information about the individual web pages or products that you view, what websites or search terms referred you to the Site, and information about how you interact with the Site. We refer to this automatically-collected information as Device Information."

We collect Device Information using the following technologies:

  • "Cookies" are data files that are placed on your device or computer and often include an anonymous unique identifier. For more information about cookies, and how to disable cookies, visit http://www.allaboutcookies.org.
  • "Log files" track actions occurring on the Site, and collect data including your IP address, browser type, Internet service provider, referring/exit pages, and date/time stamps.
  • "Web beacons," "tags," and "pixels" are electronic files used to record information about how you browse the Site.

Additionally when you make a purchase or attempt to make a purchase through the Site, we collect certain information from you, including your name, billing address, shipping address, payment information (including credit card numbers), email address, and phone number. We refer to this information as "Order Information."

  • Users who are undertaking a course as part of a group or organization have certain data tracked as part of the service we provide to Clients and Facilitators. This includes information showing if you have logged in and when, dates of completion and what and when particular study topics, resources and assessments were viewed and completed. We refer to this information as "Student Access Information"

When we talk about "Personal Information" in this Privacy Policy, we are talking about Device Information, Order Information and Student Access Information.

HOW DO WE USE YOUR PERSONAL INFORMATION?

We use the Order Information that we collect generally to fulfill any orders placed through the Site (including processing your payment information, arranging for shipping, and providing you with invoices and/or order confirmations). Additionally, we use this Order Information to:

  • Communicate with you;
  • Screen our orders for potential risk or fraud; and
  • When in line with the preferences you have shared with us, provide you with information or advertising relating to our products or services.

We use Student Access Information to provide accurate tracking to Users and Clients on completion and use of the courses, as well as for analysis on how to improve our services.

We use the Device Information that we collect to help us screen for potential risk and fraud (in particular, your IP address), and more generally to improve and optimize our Site (for example, by generating analytics about how our customers browse and interact with the Site, and to assess the success of our marketing and advertising campaigns).

SHARING YOUR PERSONAL INFORMATION

We share your Personal Information with third parties to help us use your Personal Information, as described above. For example, with your employer who needs to verify your completion or progress of your studies. We also use Google Analytics to help us understand how our customers use the Site--you can read more about how Google uses your Personal Information here: https://www.google.com/intl/en/policies/privacy/. You can also opt-out of Google Analytics here: https://tools.google.com/dlpage/gaoptout.

Finally, we may also share your Personal Information to comply with applicable laws and regulations, to respond to a subpoena, search warrant or other lawful request for information we receive, or to otherwise protect our rights.

BEHAVIOURAL ADVERTISING

As described above, we use your Personal Information to provide you with targeted advertisements or marketing communications we believe may be of interest to you. For more information about how targeted advertising works, you can visit the Network Advertising Initiative's ("NAI") educational page at https://www.networkadvertising.org/understanding-online-advertising/how-does-it-work.

You can opt out of targeted advertising by:

Additionally, you can opt out of some of these services by visiting the Digital Advertising Alliance's opt-out portal at: http://optout.aboutads.info.

DO NOT TRACK

Please note that we do not alter our Site's data collection and use practices when we see a Do Not Track signal from your browser.

YOUR RIGHTS

If you are a European resident, you have the right to access personal information we hold about you and to ask that your personal information be corrected, updated, or deleted. If you would like to exercise this right, please contact us through the contact information below.

Additionally, if you are a European resident we note that we are processing your information in order to fulfill contracts we might have with you (for example if you make an order through the Site), or otherwise to pursue our legitimate business interests listed above. Additionally, please note that your information will be transferred outside of Europe, including to Canada and the United States.

DATA RETENTION

When you place an order through the Site, we will maintain your Order Information and Student Access Information for our records unless and until you ask us to delete this information. We are required to keep course completion records for at least 5 years in order to comply with certain accreditation requirements.

CHANGES

We may update this privacy policy from time to time in order to reflect, for example, changes to our practices or for other operational, legal or regulatory reasons.

CONTACT US

For more information about our privacy practices, if you have questions, or if you would like to make a complaint, please contact us by e-mail at info@step2education.com or by mail using the details provided below:

5890 Monkland Avenue, #16, Montreal, QC, H4A 1G2, Canada

Last Updated: September 2018