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Blog Archive

Blog Archive



February 2016

For the last several weeks of February, we will be discussing oxytocin, the hormone of love. Research continues to reveal just how important this hormone is for bonding, attachment, development of social skills, expression of innate maternal competencies, organizing and integrating role in the brain during labor and breastfeeding (Moberg, 2015).

Read more: Oxytocin

Insufficient Glandular Tissue

February 2016

Diana Cessar-Uhl, IBCLC, has written several excellent pieces on hypoplasia or insufficient glandular tissue that would be important for those who work with the mother-baby dyad to read and learn from. What is IGT and why can it be a source of lactation failure?

Cessar-Uhl describes it as "glandular lactation failure...[where] breast shape, placement and symmetry but not size can be indicative of hypoplastic breasts" (2009). A 2000 study found a correlation between these physical characteristics and reduced milk supply:

Read more: Insufficient Glandular Tissue

Mother-Baby Model of Nursing Care

January 2016

Welcome to 2016!  I hope each of you had wonderful holiday and are headed into the new year with more plans and goals, especially for Baby-Friendly changes.  This week, I read a terrific article on putting the mother-baby model of nursing care into practice at one US facility.  This article is full of extremely helpful information, diagrams, quality improvement tools, use of the Iowa model of evidence-based practice to promote quality care, and the outcomes of instituting such a change.  I will provide you with the DOI, and you might want to check with your hospital or clinic to see if they have access to Nursing for Women's Health, a publication of AWHONN.

Read more: Mother-Baby Model of Nursing Care

Fentanyl vs. pethidine

January 2016

For the new year, I will be posting at the beginning of each week a published study that could impact your practice in the Mother-Baby Unit. It will be called "For Your Consideration." Whenever possible, I will post a link for you to be able to download the article. When not available, I will post as much information about accessing the article as possible.

This week, we begin with a recently posted study on pain relief during labor, pitting fentanyl with pethidine.

Read more: Fentanyl vs. pethidine

Pumps and Milk Expression

January 2016

This week, I have a great article by Dr. Anne Eglash and Dr. Michele Malloy, Breastmilk Expression and Breast Pump Technology (2015).  These authors present a terrific milk expression and breast pump primer for those who need information with which to assist the mothers with whom they work.  Let me mention several things from the article:

Read more: Pumps and Milk Expression

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This Privacy Policy describes how your personal information is collected, used, and shared when you visit or make a purchase from https://step2education.com (the "Site").


When you visit the Site, we automatically collect certain information about your device, including information about your web browser, IP address, time zone, and some of the cookies that are installed on your device. Additionally, as you browse the Site, we collect information about the individual web pages or products that you view, what websites or search terms referred you to the Site, and information about how you interact with the Site. We refer to this automatically-collected information as Device Information."

We collect Device Information using the following technologies:

  • "Cookies" are data files that are placed on your device or computer and often include an anonymous unique identifier. For more information about cookies, and how to disable cookies, visit http://www.allaboutcookies.org.
  • "Log files" track actions occurring on the Site, and collect data including your IP address, browser type, Internet service provider, referring/exit pages, and date/time stamps.
  • "Web beacons," "tags," and "pixels" are electronic files used to record information about how you browse the Site.

Additionally when you make a purchase or attempt to make a purchase through the Site, we collect certain information from you, including your name, billing address, shipping address, payment information (including credit card numbers), email address, and phone number. We refer to this information as "Order Information."

  • Users who are undertaking a course as part of a group or organization have certain data tracked as part of the service we provide to Clients and Facilitators. This includes information showing if you have logged in and when, dates of completion and what and when particular study topics, resources and assessments were viewed and completed. We refer to this information as "Student Access Information"

When we talk about "Personal Information" in this Privacy Policy, we are talking about Device Information, Order Information and Student Access Information.


We use the Order Information that we collect generally to fulfill any orders placed through the Site (including processing your payment information, arranging for shipping, and providing you with invoices and/or order confirmations). Additionally, we use this Order Information to:

  • Communicate with you;
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We use Student Access Information to provide accurate tracking to Users and Clients on completion and use of the courses, as well as for analysis on how to improve our services.

We use the Device Information that we collect to help us screen for potential risk and fraud (in particular, your IP address), and more generally to improve and optimize our Site (for example, by generating analytics about how our customers browse and interact with the Site, and to assess the success of our marketing and advertising campaigns).


We share your Personal Information with third parties to help us use your Personal Information, as described above. For example, with your employer who needs to verify your completion or progress of your studies. We also use Google Analytics to help us understand how our customers use the Site--you can read more about how Google uses your Personal Information here: https://www.google.com/intl/en/policies/privacy/. You can also opt-out of Google Analytics here: https://tools.google.com/dlpage/gaoptout.

Finally, we may also share your Personal Information to comply with applicable laws and regulations, to respond to a subpoena, search warrant or other lawful request for information we receive, or to otherwise protect our rights.


As described above, we use your Personal Information to provide you with targeted advertisements or marketing communications we believe may be of interest to you. For more information about how targeted advertising works, you can visit the Network Advertising Initiative's ("NAI") educational page at https://www.networkadvertising.org/understanding-online-advertising/how-does-it-work.

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Please note that we do not alter our Site's data collection and use practices when we see a Do Not Track signal from your browser.


If you are a European resident, you have the right to access personal information we hold about you and to ask that your personal information be corrected, updated, or deleted. If you would like to exercise this right, please contact us through the contact information below.

Additionally, if you are a European resident we note that we are processing your information in order to fulfill contracts we might have with you (for example if you make an order through the Site), or otherwise to pursue our legitimate business interests listed above. Additionally, please note that your information will be transferred outside of Europe, including to Canada and the United States.


When you place an order through the Site, we will maintain your Order Information and Student Access Information for our records unless and until you ask us to delete this information. We are required to keep course completion records for at least 5 years in order to comply with certain accreditation requirements.


We may update this privacy policy from time to time in order to reflect, for example, changes to our practices or for other operational, legal or regulatory reasons.


For more information about our privacy practices, if you have questions, or if you would like to make a complaint, please contact us by e-mail at info@step2education.com or by mail using the details provided below:

5890 Monkland Avenue, #16, Montreal, QC, H4A 1G2, Canada

Last Updated: September 2018